The Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the lobbying arm of the NRA. Established in 1975, ILA is committed to preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
By Eric Kelderman October 5th, 2015 Chronicle of Higher Education
"The painful and predictable pattern has started all over again. A mass shooting at a college campus — this time, Umpqua Community College, in Oregon — followed by various accounts of the victims’ violent end and speculation about the shooter’s motive. Then the public and political debate, or what passes for debate, on a topic that seems to divide the country so deeply."
By Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN's Chief Medical Correspondent October 5, 2015
"Depending on your perspective, homicides with a gun, which we witness far too often in this country, may not be the thing you consider when thinking of preventable deaths. If, however, you think of violence as an infectious disease, your perspective may change."
Jonathan Stray FEB 4, 2013 the Atlantic
"There were 8,583 homicides by firearms in 2011, out of 12,664 homicides total, according to the FBI. This means that more than two-thirds of homicides involve a firearm. 6,220 of those homicides by firearm (72%) are known to have involved a handgun."
"Violent crime around the world has remained remarkably constant over both place and time. The United States has often been the location of gun violence studies because of the relatively high prevalence and availability of firearms. Much of this research, however, has been criticized for potentially being designed to make an ideological point as opposed to providing an accurate picture of the extent and nature of gun violence."
"On Good Friday 2009, Anthony Powell shot and killed a female drama classmate as she rehearsed a scene at Henry Ford Community College in Dearborn, Michigan. Minutes later as police arrived on the scene, he turned the gun on himself. On New Year’s Eve 2009, Matthew Dubois shot and killed his fifteen-year-old girlfriend after reading a message posted on her Myspace page by a former boyfriend. On January 7, 2010, Darrell Evans shot and killed both his nine-year-old daughter and her forty-two-year-old babysitter in a New York City suburb before surrendering to police."
"On a daily basis, newspaper headlines around the world report tragedies involving firearms. While the circumstances of these deaths vary—some are in the context of street crime or robberies, some relate to domestic violence or disputes among friends, some are suicides or accidents, and some are political violence—the weapon involved links each and every one of them."
"High-profile tragedies tend to drive the contemporary gun control debate. In 1999 in Littleton, Colorado, for example, two Columbine High School students killed 12 fellow students, one teacher, and then themselves. The shootings sparked a general rise in outrage from both sides of the firearms debate, generated dozens of state and federal legislative proposals to tighten up gun laws, and even inspired a documentary film by Michael Moore. "
"Gun control represents legislative, administrative, and enforcement attempts to regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, and use of firearms. Gun control exists at local levels of government, affecting only individuals within those jurisdictions, and at the national level, affecting individuals across the nation."
"The United States is the leader in per-capita gun deaths among industrial nations. This unenviable distinction has resulted in various gun-control laws at the federal and state levels that seek to reduce crime and violence by restricting private gun ownership."
Gun Violence Archive (GVA) is a not for profit corporation formed in 2013 to provide free online public access to accurate information about gun-related violence in the United States. GVA will collect and check for accuracy, comprehensive information about gun-related violence in the U.S. and then post and disseminate it online.
"The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is a self-report survey in which interviewed persons are asked about the number and characteristics of victimizations experienced during the prior six months. The NCVS collects information on nonfatal violent crimes (rape or sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated and simple assault) both reported and not reported to police. Information is collected for each victimization incident, including characteristics of the crime, such as weapon use. For victimization incidents in which a weapon was used, additional information is collected about the type of weapon used, including firearms, knives, and other weapons."
"The Nation's Two Crime Measures:
BJS's National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)- reported and unreported crime from the victim's perspective.
FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) - crimes reported by law enforcement
Similar to many other indicators used to assess conditions in the United States, these two indicators of crime complement each other to produce a more comprehensive portrait of the nation's crime problem."