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Citations & Plagiarism

Use this guide to find help and information on citation styles and avoiding plagiarism.

MLA style is generally used by subject areas in the humanities.  Overall, it is simpler than other styles, featuring parenthetical citations and an alphabetized list of references at the end.  Entries for the list of works cited must be alphabetical and double-spaced, with the indent of the subsequent line one-half inch from the left margin.  The MLA Handbook is linked below, you can find the print copy at both the Green Library and Hubert Library:

Valencia College has created a great MLA style guide that breaks down how to create the citation quickly and easily!  If you'd like to learn MLA in 5 seconds, take a look at their style guides:

MLA by format

MLA style is generally used by subject areas in the humanities.  Overall, it is simpler than other styles, featuring parenthetical citations and an alphabetized list of references at the end.  Entries for the list of works cited must be aphabetical and double-spaced, with the indent of the subsequent line one-half inch from the left margin.

For more detailed information for each of these format types, please refer to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.

Note that there are some small changes from MLA 7th edition and 8th edition. 

In MLA 8th ed., for non-periodical items, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author (or editor, compiler, or translator).
  • Title of source.
  • Other contributors,
  • Publisher,
  • Publication date.

 

EXAMPLES

Single author:

Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford University Press, 2011.

 

Two authors:

​Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

 

Three or more authors:

Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities. MIT Press, 2012.

Many databases now have the ability to generate citations for you.  Citations generally follow the same rules of citing print journal article, except with the additional information included: the title of the database, medium of publication (Web), and the date of access.

In MLA 8th ed., for online journal articles, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author (or editor, compiler, or translator).
  • Title of source.
  • Title of container (journal, newspaper, magazine, etc.),
  • Other contributors,
  • Number (volume, issue),
  • Publication date,
  • Page numbers.
  • Title of larger container (database, website name, etc.),
  • Location (website URL).

 

EXAMPLES

Goldman, Anne. "Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante." The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1,

2010, pp.69-88. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41403188.

In MLA 8th ed., for print journal articles, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author.
  • Title of source.
  • Title of container (journal, newspaper, magazine, etc.),
  • Number (volume, number),
  • Publication date, 
  • Page numbers.

 

EXAMPLES

Baron, Naomi S. "Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media." PMLA, vol. 128, no.1,

Jan. 2013, pp.193-200.

 

In MLA 8th ed., for websites/web pages, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author (editors, etc.).
  • Title of source.
  • Publication date/range, 
  • Location (URL).
  • Date of access (optional).

 

EXAMPLES

Website/project as a whole:

Eaves, Morris, et al., editors. The William Blake Archive. 1996-2014, www.blakearchive.org/blake.

 

Page on a site, comments on a web page, blog post, part of a site, tweet, etc.:

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue University, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/.

Accessed 10 May 2006.

Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html.

Accessed 6 July 2015.

Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites,

16 Aug. 2002, alistapart.com/article/writeliving. Accessed 4 May 2009.

@tombrokaw. "SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign." Twitter, 22 Jan. 2012,

3:06 a.m., twitter.com/tombrokaw/status/160996868971704320.

In MLA 8th ed., for newspapers/newspaper articles, core elements of the citation are (irrelevant elements should be eliminated):

  • Author.
  • Title of source.
  • Title of container (journal, newspaper, magazine, etc.),
  • Number (volume, number),
  • Publication date, 
  • Page numbers.
  • Location (URL, if in online/digital format)

Cite a newspaper article as you would a magazine article, but note the different pagination in a newspaper. If there is more than one edition available for that date (as in an early and late edition of a newspaper), identify the edition after the article title.

 

EXAMPLES

Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post, 24 May 2007, p. LZ01.

Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York Times, 21 May 2007, late ed., p. A1.

Pelley, Lauren. “Toronto Public Library Opens its 100th Branch.” Toronto Star, 21 May 2015.

http://www.pressreader.com/canada/toronto-star/20150521/282260959050369. Accessed October 12, 2015.

 

If the newspaper is a less well-known or local publication, include the city name in brackets after the title of the newspaper.

Behre, Robert. "Presidential Hopefuls Get Final Crack at Core of S.C. Democrats." Post and Courier 

[Charleston, SC], 29 Apr. 2007, p. A11.

Trembacki, Paul. "Brees Hopes to Win Heisman for Team." Purdue Exponent [West Lafayette, IN],

5 Dec. 2000, p. 20.

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