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Citations, Plagiarism, and Citation Management

Use this guide to find help and information on citation styles, citation management, and avoiding plagiarism.

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using images responsibly

Remember to check your images, wherever you find them, for permissions and limitations of use.  Always check for copyright information and be sure to cite your sources as best you can!

 

Part of using images properly, is writing strongly and clearly about them in your work.  Use the resources below for guidelines in writing clearly using images as well as links on fair use and using images responsibly.

Cite!

Using proper citation style allows us to give credit to the creators of the material we are using.  It is how we use information responsibly and respectfully.  By using citations, our claims and theories become more authorized and credible because we are providing supporting evidence from other sources.  Citations also allow us to be honest about our contributions and avoid plagiarism.  This guide was created to help you find the information you need to be able to create citations properly, avoid plagiarism, and use our bibliographic citation software, RefWorks. 

Please feel free to ask a librarian for more help!

What is citation? And why do we do it? This video created by NCSU Libraries will explain.

Here are links to online citation generators.  For the purposes of creating a quick, one-time citation in the correct style, these websites will generate citations once the information has been provided.

 

You can generate citations automatically for items that you find in the FIU Library catalog! 

Simply click on the pencil icon to generate a citation in APA!

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CITATION HELP

Why should we cite?

Using proper citation style allows us to give credit to the creators of the material we are using.  It is how we use information responsibly and respectfully.  By using citations, our claims and theories become more authorized and credible because we are providing supporting evidence from other sources.  Citations also allow us to be honest about our contributions and avoid plagiarism.  This guide was created to help you find the information you need to be able to create citations properly, avoid plagiarism, and use our bibliographic citation software, RefWorks.  Please feel free to ask a librarian for more help!

understanding plagiarism

Citation & Formatting

APA (American Psychological Association) style is generally used in the social sciences.  As the publishing standard, APA style also provides guidelines for paper formatting.

Chicago style is perhaps one of the more complex citation styles because it is really two systems under one name.  The Notes/Bibliography system is used mainly in the humanities.  The Author/Date style is typically used by those in the physical, natural, and social sciences.  The main difference between the two systems the preference for notes (Notes/Bibliography) or parenthetical in-text citations (Author/Date) within the document.  For more specific information on the Chicago style, please refer to chapters 14-15 of the Chicago Manual of Style.

Scientific Style and Format presents three systems for referring to references (also known as citations) within the text of a journal article, book, or other scientific publication: 1) citation–sequence; 2) name–year; and 3) citation–name. These abbreviated references are called in-text references. They refer to a list of references at the end of the document.

The system of in-text references that you use will determine the order of references at the end of your document. These end references have essentially the same format in all three systems, except for the placement of the date of publication in the name–year system.

Though Scientific Style and Format now uses citation–sequence for its own references, each system is widely used in scientific publishing. Consult your publisher to determine which system you will need to follow.

MLA style is generally used by subject areas in the humanities.  Overall, it is simpler than other styles, featuring parenthetical citations and an alphabetized list of references at the end.  Entries for the list of works cited must be aphabetical and double-spaced, with the indent of the subsequent line one-half inch from the left margin.

Turabian is based on the Chicago Manual of Style by Kate Turabian.  The two styles are so similar, they are often grouped together.  The main difference between the two styles, besides minor puncuation rules, is that Turabian has been adapted to suit the needs of students whereas Chicago focuses more on publication.  For more specific information on Turabian style, please refer to the manual in the FIU Libraries.

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